Hypertension is the medical terminology used to describe blood pressure that is consistently higher than normal, or high blood pressure. When blood pressure rises above normal levels on a consistent basis, the force of the blood against the artery walls can lead to other serious health problems. Some of which could potentially be fatal, like heart attack, stroke, or cause long-term problems like heart disease.
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a condition that usually develops over time, and the primary factors that lead to hypertension are unhealthy lifestyle choices, lack of physical activity, and blood plasma volume. Obesity, or diabetes, may also increase the risk of hypertension. Hypertension may also occur during pregnancy. For the mother and her unborn baby’s well-being, blood pressure is closely monitored.
There are two diagnosable types of high blood pressure:
Primary hypertension (essential) – No identifiable cause of the high blood pressure. For most adults, primary hypertension develops gradually over years.
Secondary hypertension – High blood pressure caused by underlying medical condition. Appears suddenly, unlike primary hypertension. Various medications and conditions can cause secondary hypertension, which include:
The majority of people with hypertension, even if showing dangerously high blood pressure levels, show no symptoms. If high blood pressure reaches a severe, or life-threatening stage, some people may experience shortness of breath, headaches or nose bleeds, however these signs are not specific.
Hypertension can lead to serious, even fatal complications, if left untreated.
Some of these include:
Nourishing and oxygenated blood is necessary for proper brain function, but hypertension can cause serious damage to the brain, including:
High blood pressure threatens health and quality of life, and can lead to death or disability, and a person’s best protection is knowledge, management and prevention. The best way to know if your blood pressure is high is to see your doctor to have it checked. Learn what factors contribute to hypertension and put you at a higher risk. And finally, take the necessary steps to manage your blood pressure and reduce your risk. Heart-healthy lifestyle changes and working in partnership with your doctor and taking any medications you are prescribed, will greatly reduce your risk of hypertension complications.
You can visit Houston Medical ER, if you have high blood pressure. For more information about our treatment options or to see us for an appointment, please feel welcome to call us or visit one of our ER clinics in Houston or Springs, Texas, for a walk-in appointment. We serve patients from Houston TX, Spring TX, North Houston TX, The Woodlands TX, Humble TX, Heights TX, Downtown Houston TX, Northwest Houston TX, Northeast Houston TX, Conroe TX, Willis TX, Tomball TX, Cypress TX, and Memorial City.